Deciding whether you want to get spinal surgery can be an intimidating decision. However, sometimes, it is necessary.
Your spine is made up of bones called vertebrae and muscles and ligaments that connect them together to form a spinal column. The spinal column is the home to your spinal cord – which sits inside it. When something goes wrong with one of the components that make up the spine, you can experience a host of issues, such as debilitating pain.
Orthopaedic physicians try to use all other forms of treatments to alleviate spine issues prior to recommending spine surgery. However, in the situation that other treatments are not providing you relief or are not effective in treating the root cause of your spinal issue, surgery can be a great way to fix the problem.
Types of Spine Problems Treated Through Surgery
There are a variety of spinal issues that require spinal surgery. The type of spinal issue you are having, the underlying cause of it, and the specific location of it help doctors and surgeons determine which type of treatment or surgery you need.
Your cervical spine is composed of vertebrae in the neck that support the head. Common causes of cervical spine pain include neck injuries, osteoporosis, rheumatoid arthritis, degenerative disc disease, and compressed nerves.
When the cervical spine gets damaged or injured, you can experience pain, stiffness, and numbness in the neck, shoulders, and arms. There are a variety of surgeries performed to fix cervical spine issues such as artificial cervical disc replacement, posterior cervical laminaplasty, surgery for cervical trauma, and more.
The thoracic spine is in the upper back. Some common causes of thoracic spine pain include scoliosis, degenerative disc disease, nerve compression, and herniated discs.
When the thoracic spine has issues, you can experience pain, weakness, pressure, and numbness in the back and arms. There are a variety of non-surgical treatments for thoracic spine issues. However, when these treatments fail to alleviate symptoms, surgical correction may be necessary. Some thoracic spine surgeries include anterior thoracic scoliosis correction, posterior thoracic decompression and fusion, surgery for thoracic trauma, and more.
The lumbar spine is in the lower back. A lot of people experience lower back pain symptoms for a variety of reasons. Examples include nerve, disc, vertebrae, and soft tissue abnormalities and issues caused by poor posture, overexertion, and physical stress. Patients also develop lumbar spine problems because of sports or vehicular accidents.
A lot of lumbar spine issues can be treated through non-surgical treatments. However, when damage to the lumbar spine fails to respond to these treatments, surgeons can perform a variety of surgical procedures to alleviate symptoms. Examples of lumbar spine surgeries include artificial lumbar disc replacement, posterior dynamic stabilization, kyphoplasty, surgery for lumbar trauma, and more.
Schedule a Consultation
If you are experiencing spine issues and want to learn more about whether spinal surgery can help you find relief, contact the experts at Orthopaedic Associates of Central Maryland. Our surgeons are well trained in all types of spinal issues and have access to state-of-the-art treatments that can help you find relief. In the case that you need spinal surgery, our surgeons are board-certified and have a wealth of experience. To make an appointment, call us at (410) 644-1880 or book an appointment online.